Wetland vegetation establishment with transferrals of wetland soil following surface mining

Cover of: Wetland vegetation establishment with transferrals of wetland soil following surface mining | Stephanie Jane Shifflett

Published by Dept. of Renewable Resources, University of Edmonton in Edmonton, Alta .

Written in English

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Statementby Stephanie Jane Shifflett
The Physical Object
FormatElectronic resource
Pagination117 l.
Number of Pages117
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22240749M

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SURFACE FLOW WETLANDS. A surface flow (SF) wetland consists of a shallow basin, soil or other medium to support the roots of vegetation, and a water control structure that maintains a shallow depth of water (figure 1).

The water surface is above the substrate. The presence of so many wetland species without intentional management efforts suggests that wetland establishment could become a common component of mine reclamation.

Surface mining for coal has dramatically altered millions of hectares throughout the Appalachian region of eastern North by: 5.

Soil Properties and Vegetative Development in Four Restored Freshwater Depressional Wetlands Wetland Soils A lthough they cover less than 2% of earth’s surface, wetlands perform more ecosystem services (e.g., water purifi cation, aquifer recharge, cli-mate regulation, long-term C storage, fl ood abatement, and habitatCited by: The restoration of degraded wetland ecosystems and the recovery of wetland biodiversity are important global issues.

Generally, wetland restoration projects include activities to recover vegetation. WETLAND SOILS 1) Soil environment generally 2) Wetland soils and their characteristics 3) Redox 4) Nitrogen transformation 5) Mn, Fe, SO4 transformation 6) CH4 production 7) Phosphorus Soil consists of: • mineral particles of various sizes, shapes, and chemical characteristics, • plant roots, • living soil microbial and fungal population,File Size: KB.

Chapter 5: Inland Wetland Mineral Soils Supplement to the IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Wetlands BOX DISTRIBUTION OF WETLAND MINERAL SOILS WMS, including both coastal and inland WMS, are estimated to cover ~% of the world’s land surface, or x km2 (Batjes, a).

The distribution of the File Size: KB. Highlights Arid groundwater-dependent mound springs digitally mapped using three epochs of satellite imagery. Wetland extent is identified from a threshold applied to vegetation cover – NDVI relationship. Change in area, distribution and greenness of wetlands is documented over years.

A strong linear relationship established between spring flow rate and area of associated wetland. This Cited by:   indicators of hydrophytic vegetation, hydric soil, or wetland hydrology due to: 1.

Normal seasonal or annual variability. OR 2. The nature of the soils or plant species on the siteFile Size: 2MB. Constructed wetlands are treatment systems that use natural processes involving wetland vegetation, soils, and their associated microbial assemblages to improve water quality.

The following documents provide additional information about constructed treatment wetlands. For more information on wetland types, and wetland gains and losses visit the U.S.

Fish & Wildlife Service’s Wetland Status and Trends reports. Legal Protections of Wetlands: The first legal protection of wetlands came from President Jimmy Carter in He signed Executive Order into law requiring Federal government agencies to take steps to avoid impacts to wetland when possible.

wetlands and riparian areas. A practical field procedure for identification and delineation of Wetlands must have one or more of the following attributes: • Wetland (hydromorphic) soils that display characteristics resulting from prolonged saturation formation of hydromorphic soils and the growth of wetland Size: 2MB.

Surface Water Depression Wetlands. SURFACE WATER SLOPE WETLANDS are located along pond, lake, and stream margins. Hydrology depends on fluctuating water depths caused by surface water flooding (Figure 2).

The source may be either surface or ground water. Soils should be permeable sands or loams that allow subsurface Size: 1MB. Coal companies are reluctant to include wetland development in reclamation plans partly due to a lack of information on the resulting characteristics of such sites.

It is easier for coal companies to recreate terrestrial habitats than to attempt experimental methods and possibly face significant regulatory disapproval.

Therefore, we studied a young (10 years) wetland on a reclaimed surface Cited by: 5. appropriate conditions for the formation of natural wetlands or establishment of artificial wetlands. Wetland species (particularly Typha spp.) flourish in the presence of flowing or shallow water.

Constructed wetlands are man-made complex of substrates, emergent/submergent vegetation, and water. Constructed wetlands have been known as an efficient and low-cost treatment process. Constructed wetland is a natural treatment system that physical, chemical, and biological pro- cesses occur when water, soil, plants, and microorganisms Size: KB.

Constructed wetlands systems are fully human-made wetlands for wastewater treatment, which apply various technological designs, using natural wetland processes, associated with wetland hydrology, soils, microbes and plants.

Thus, CWs are engineered systems that have been designed and constructed to utilize the naturalFile Size: KB. In saturated wetland soils, the soil volume is generally 50% solids and 50% water, while in upland soils as much as 25% of the soil volume can consist of air-filled pore space.

In upland soils only the interior of soil aggregates is typically anoxic (Chapter 6). For thousands of years wetland plants have produced and dropped seeds into the soil of your wetland.

Sometimes, under the right conditions, recent seeds buried in wetland soils or under sediment may be viable (liv-ing) but dormant, even if the site has been cultivated for decades. Seeds have been know to be dormant for up to 80 or more Size: KB. Wetland soils, also known as hydric soils, are soils which are saturated, flooded, or ponded long enough during the growing season to develop anaerobic conditions in the upper part that favor the growth and regeneration of hydrophytic vegetation ((USDA Soil Conservation Serviceas amended by the NTCHS in December ).

Biogeochemical Properties of Wetlands S Wetland soils exhibit unique features with aerobic and anaerobic zones Wetland soils are long-term int egrators of elemental storage and ecosystem processes Wetland soils support a range of microbial communities and associated metabolic pathways ummary 6/22/ WBL 44 Wetland accumulate organic matterFile Size: 1MB.

wetland hydrology, soils, and the resulting biotic commu-nity. Finally, the chapter presents broad ideas for under-standing the geomorphic context for wetland formation and sedimentation. Wetland Soils Landscape Position wetlands occur where hydrologic conditions driven by cli-mate, topography, geology, and soils cause surface satura-Cited by: 3.

Outcomes of Wetland Restoration and Creation INTRODUCTION Underlying wetland mitigation is the assumption that it is scientifically possible for humans to recreate the structure and functions of a wetland, either by restoring a site that had previously been a wetland or by creating an entirely new wetland.

Wetlands and Wetland Restoration (establishment), wetland enhancement, and wetland rehabilitation. All four BMP categories are now available for annual (CBP) partners committed to the following outcome for wetlands: 85, acres of created or reestablished wetlands, andadditional acres of enhanced wetlands by Wetland Mitigation: Planning Hydrology, Vegetation, and Soils for Constructed Wetlands.

by Gary J. Pierce with contributing editors Mallory N. Gilbert and Robert J. Pierce For those who work in wetlands, this book is the A to Z of construction and restoration.

It focuses on the importance of water to wetland. Hydrologic, Soil, and Vegetation Gradients in Remnant and Constructed Riparian Wetlands in West–Central Missouri, — By: David C. Heimann, U.S. Geological Survey, and Paige A. Mettler-Cherry, Lindenwood University, Department of Biological Sciences, St.

Charles, Missouri, in cooperation with the Missouri Department of Conservation. wetlands; others occur in a range of wetland and non-wetland habitats. Observed differences in the relative frequency with which a species occurs in wetlands provides the basis for the National and Regional Lists of Species found in Wetlands (Reed ), which is used for determining if a site supports hydrophytic by: 2.

Wetland – Code ). • The rehabilitation of a degraded wetland or the reestablishment of a former wetland so that soils, hydrology, vegetative community, and habitat are a close approximation of the original natural condition and boundary that existed prior to the modification.

(Wetland Restoration –. Wetland conservation is aimed at protecting and preserving areas where water exists at or near the Earth's surface, such as swamps, marshes and bogs. Wetlands cover at least six per cent of the Earth and have become a focal issue for conservation due to the ecosystem services they provide.

More than three billion people, around half the world’s population, obtain their basic water needs from. Hydric Soil Criteria and Indicators National Technical Committee for Hydric Soils U.S.D.A. N.R.C.S.

Soils Division Wetland Science Institute Criteria 1. All Histosols except Folists 2. Soils classified as Aquic, Albolls, Aquisalids, Pachic or Cumulic that meet certain requirements 3. Frequently ponded soils 4.

Frequently flooded soils Field. close to the soil surface (i.e. within 50 cm) you are probably in a wetland. If, however, you find that the saturated zone is not close to the soil surface, this does not necessarily mean that the area is not a wetland. You may be in a temporary wetland and you will need to wait for some months before water is visible close to the soil Size: 4MB.

WETLAND VEGETATION D SOILS “Gleyed” soils Wetlands: land-water margin ecosystems Aquatic Upland Ecosystems Land-Water Margin Definition - Many (but not all) wetlands are located at the margins of surface water and exposed land qua c Surface water wetlandsFile Size: 4MB.

Wetland hydrology refers to the presence of water at or above the soil surface for a sufficient period of the year to significantly influence the plant types and soils that occur in the area.

Although the most reliable evidence of wetland hydrology may be provided by gauging station or groundwater well data, such information is limited for most. Thus, the following groups represent only a rough guide to typical wetland plant habitats.

Shoreline: plants that grow in wet soil on raised hummocks or along the shorelines of streams, ponds, bogs, marshes, and lakes. These plants grow at or above the level. vegetation types, like reeds and underwater plants. Some wetlands are constantly wet and under water, while others are temporary pans which dry up at certain times of the year.

Others are simply areas of waterlogged soil where the water lies just below the surface. Wetland areas have a high diversity of plants and animals, and are among the. Smell the soil for an odor like rotten eggs. Wetland Vegetation: More than 5, different plants grow in wetlands.

Some common wetland plants to look for include: Water lilies, cattails, arrowhead, smartweed, pondweed and other plants in standing water. Grasses such as reed canary grass, barnyard grass, and prairie cordgrass, or rushes and sedges. All wetlands exist on a substrate of soil, and most have water sources that are affected by movement through adjacent soils.

The movement of water through the soil medium, the ability of the soil to store surface and/or groundwater, and the ability of the soil to perform bio-geochemical processes is critical to wetland function.

Constructed Wetlands for Treatment of Ash Pond Seepage (G.A. Brodie, D.A. Hammer, and D.A. Tomljanovich). Use of Wetlands for Treatment of Environmental Problems in Mining: Non-Coal-Mining Applications (T.R.

Wildeman nad L.S. Laudon). Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment at Amoco Oil Company's Mandan, North Dakota Refinery (D.K. through evaluations of 36 isolated cypress wetlands (SWFWMD, ).

Since that time, the District has continued to collect similar data for additional isolated cypress wetlands (for a future re-evaluation of the original method), as well as for other types of wetlands (for the development of minimum level methods for other wetland types).

This caused redox concentrations to form 45 cm below the soil surface in the reference wetland, but they accumulated within 45 cm of the soil surface in the restored site.

Evaluation of hydric soil restoration success could be done through use of the hydric soil technical standard, and possibly through changes in redoximorphic : Alexander E Baldwin. Wetlands: Characteristics and Boundaries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / Although many changes can occur in altered wetlands, changes in vegetation, soils, and hydrology carry the greatest implications for the determination of jurisdiction or regulatory action.

While the following alteration types are. drainified rock that spreads the wastewater across the width of the wetland. Plants that can grow at optimum efficiency should be used, cattails, bulrushes, reeds, and sedges.

There are two basic types of constructed wetlands, surface flow and subsurface flow. through soil with high permeability, low bulk densities, and low Size: KB.Based on a review of existing information, wetlands can be assumed to exist if: 1) Wetlands are shown on NW!

or other wetland maps, and hydric soil or a soil with hydric soil inclusions is shown on the soil survey; or 2) Hydric soil or soil with hydric soil inclu- sions is shown on the soil survey, and A) site-specific information confirms.Wetland hydrology refers to the specific hydrologic conditions that are required to form and maintain wetlands.

Saturation at or near the surface, or inundation, for approximately 14 consecutive days or more during Michigan’s growing season typically creates the necessary conditions in the soil to form and maintain wetlands. Wetland hydrology.

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